Saltar al contenido

MEASURING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION

septiembre 7, 2021

Descargar MEASURING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION pdf gratis

Sinopsis de MEASURING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION
A Review surveys the current state of the art including the concept of indicators, their quality and use, and a schematic model of the STI system that can identify gaps in the set of indicators commonly in use. The authors review the developments in STI measurement that have taken place in the rest of the world, particularly the widespread use of innovation surveys. The monograph concludes with a discussion of the measurement gaps and issues in the U.S., which we identify as innovation (especially in the service sector), non-R&D investment related to innovation, data timeliness, data linkages, measurement related to public policy goals, and the sources of capital for innovation.After an introduction, Section 2 summarizes the framework for analysis of the STI system that is most widely used by economists. Section 3 considers how the specific data currently collected by the U.S. government, and indicators constructed from those data, relate to the important concepts within the framework. Section 4 expands this discussion by reviewing data collected and indicators published by other countries and international organizations. Section 5 then turns to the issues of policy, and draws explicit connections between important policy questions and indicators, using the framework of Section 2. Section 6 builds on these discussions to highlight gaps and issues with the existing indicators, and Section 7 provides concluding comments.
Ver más

Datos del libro
Categorías:


«MEASURING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION epub»

SOBRE EL ARCHIVO

Tipos de archivo:

  • ✅ PDF
  • ✅ EPUB
  • ✅ MOBI

Datos del archivo:

  • Descargas: 541
  • Vistas: 1432
  • Tamaño: 941KB

Ver más libros de empresa

Bajar MEASURING SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND INNOVATION epub gratis

Formato Servidor 1 Servidor 2
PDF Libros 1 -
EPUB Libros 2 -